One of the key elements of any process is the workstation. Simply put, a workstation is the area that contains the work surfaces, fixtures, tools, and materials needed to perform a job.
Classic thinking promotes the use of standard workstations. These off-the-shelf setups can be interchangeable, and often can be purchased at significant bulk discounts. The problem with purchasing a workstation out of a catalog is that it does not necessarily meet the needs of the operator performing the process.
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A much better approach is to design each workstation to match the specific needs of the tasks that will be performed there. Common design materials include things like B-Line, which is essentially a heavy-duty erector set, or Creform, which is like giant Tinker toys. Using these modular systems lets an operator design exactly the workspace they need.
When configuring a work area, keep the following things in mind:
Minimize work surfaces. They collect unnecessary items and require more cleaning. They also encourage batching. Match the space to the need of the task.
Make workstations adjustable. Not all of your operators will be the same height. Adjustments can be done with low tech pins, or high-tech hydraulic or electrical lifts, depending on how frequently you need to change.