TPS is the acronym for the Toyota Production System. TPS is more of a business philosophy than a production system, though. It focuses on manufacturing and logistics, but doesn’t neglect the human aspect of production.
TPS was founded in large part by Taiichi Ohno. TPS can trace its origins back to the early days of Ford and American supermarkets. Mr. Ohno was impressed with the way supermarkets ordered their inventory. He combined it with the positive things he saw from Ford to form the foundation of TPS.
TPS is often looked at synonymously with the term ‘Lean’, and is the most widely copied Lean system in the world.