Results are the outcomes or consequences of actions.
In the continuous improvement world, results are most commonly viewed as the intended outcomes of an operation, organization, process, or project. This is in contrast to unintended side effects of a process.
Actual results are compared to goals to indicate how effective the actions are. Good results exceed the goals; bad results fall short.
Lean is very results oriented. Without measuring results, it is impossible to determine if changes are effective.